Web Hosting Glossary – Part II

Web Hosting Glossary – Part II

Cookie

Cookie is a type of  message given to a web browser by a web server, then the browser stores that specific cookie or a message in a text file called cookie which is a text file. The message is then sent back to the server each time the browser requests a page from the server. The main purpose of cookies is to identify users and possibly prepare customized Web pages for them.

Virtual Server

A  server are the servers which shares its resources with in the multiple users also be known as virtual server. A virtual server hosting is a server that is run using virtualization software. That way one physical server can act as two or more servers You can saying that multiple web sites share the resources of one server.

If you do not need your own web server (i.e. your own server class computer), you will use a virtual server to host your web site. With VPS the physical server is separated into some of the partition and these partitions are the Virtual private Server. It gives you the feeling of having a stand-alone server when you purchase the hosting spaces.

Dedicated Server

Dedicated server hosting are the type of account in which the web hosting company provides you with an entire hosting setup including your own server hardware that only you can use. A dedicated server makes sense for web sites that require higher availability and higher data transfer rates.

A dedicated server can offer you the highest levels of uptime and security out of all of the main forms of web hosting that can be purchased from most web hosting service provider.

Cloud Hosting

Cloud computing or cloud hosting is one of the latest on line server which give 100 % Uptime guarantee. Cloud computing is one of the server model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources such as  networks, servers, storage, applications, and services . It is a web hosting service which is offered from a network of servers that are connected to one another.

These servers are not generally in same data center, they are usually located in the data centers that are scattered all across the world. This cloud model Promotes availability and is composed of five essential characteristics, three service models, and four deployment models. ”

cPanel Hosting

The most common, basic, and least expensive form of hosting. It is called “shared” hosting because multiple clients, and thus multiple websites, share a single server.  You can also say multiple website is placed on the same server , ranging from a few to hundreds or thousands.

Where all domains may share a common pool of server resources, such as RAM and the CPU. This splitting of server resources is what makes shared hosting so affordable, like renting an apartment versus buying a home (dedicated hosting). Shared hosting accounts are limited to specific space allotment and data transfer.

Email Pop Account

POP (Post Office Protocol) is an actual e-mail account on your web host’s e-mail server. Each POP account has a unique email address ([email protected], [email protected], etc.)

A communications “protocol” is just the language used between your email program, a POP client, and your ISP’s mail – or POP – server. Before you choose a specific hosting plan, you should know exactly how many email hosting accounts are required to meet your specific needs.

Microsoft Front Page

Front Page is an HTML editor made by Microsoft. It’s  web site building and management tool for creating dynamic web pages.  It is commonly used to create web sites, web templates.

It’s an appropriate tool for intermediate to advanced users that allows you to create and edit web pages using a graphical interface that will be familiar to users of Microsoft Office products.

Front Page Extensions

Front Page extensions can be thought of as “mini programs” that allow features of a web site created with MS Front Page to operate smoothly. It is possible to use MS Front Page to create a web site and host that site on a server that doesn’t offer FP extensions, however some of the powerful features of the program cannot be used in these web sites.

See Microsoft’s Front Page site for more information. After you design your web site, you will know whether Frontpage extensions will be a requirement.

Audio Streaming

The constant process of providing audio content on the web site is known as audio streaming. Audio Streaming media is multimedia which constantly received by and presented to an end-user while being delivered by a streaming provider.

This takes up a large amount of bandwidth, especially if you get a lot of visitors at your site. Majority of hosts do  allow audio or video streaming. The name refers to the delivery method of the medium rather than to the medium itself.

Auto Responder

An automated program that acknowledges receipt of an e-mail message, and then sends back a previously prepared email to the sender, letting them know it was received.

Once you configure your auto-responder, it sends e-mail with no further action required on your part, making your web site interactive around the clock. Most hosting companies let you set this up through their control panel.

CGI (Common Gateway Interface)

A CGI is a applications that translates the web script from a webserver and then displays that data on the website or with in an email. CGI involves the transfer of data between a server and a CGI program (called a script).

This allows HTML pages to interact with other programming applications. These scripts make web pages interactive. Page counters, forms, guest books, random text/images and other features can be driven by CGI scripts.

Chat Server / Software

Conversation between to online persona is known as chat. For chat there are on-line application which are installed on a server which are knowned as chat servers. Some hosting companies allow you to develop a chat room or other type of chat service for your visitors.

Be sure to check with the web host company about the details of the chat services offered. Some servers permit you to configure the service, and others pre-configure everything for you while others do not allow chat rooms at all.

Click Though Rate

It’s a  online term which is used to describe the ratio of clicks to impressions by an advertisement, usually a banner ad. Its a ration in which how many saw that particulate thing and how many clicked on it .eg. If a banner has been shown 100 times and 5 people click on the same banner,there is  5% click through ratio.

Control Panel

Its a online management application which can manage, online package of tools permitting easy site management and editing.  Almost all web hosting provide provider this option today.

There are multiple control panel available  online . It is a very important feature to have. With the control panel client can maintain basic information about your site, mail boxes, etc. without having to send emails to the hosting company or call them on the phone.

Merchant Account

A merchant account gives a business the ability to accept credit cards as payment for the company’s goods and services. It provides your customers with an extremely popular payment option, beyond cash and checks. This is usually done via a 3rd party provider.

ColdFusion

A script which simplifies database queries by allowing for a simpler programming language to handle functions between the user’s browser, the server, and the database. It’s also a programming language which is based on the HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) that is used to write dynamic webpages.

It lets you create pages on the fly that differ depending on user input, database lookups.After you have developed your web site, you will know whether  ColdFusion is a requirement.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)

Used to add more functionality to simple HTML pages. Internet Explorer 3.0 and up support a good portion of CSS, while Netscape 4.0 and up supports a small amount of CSS – a fully compliant browser does not exist yet.

Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)

Stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. This is the code that web pages are written in and the browser interprets to turn into the web page you view on the screen.

Database Support

If your web site will leverage a database to store information, database support by the hosting company will be required. After you have developed your web site, you will know which database will be required.

Some commonly used database programs are SQL Server, MySQL, Access, Oracle, and FoxPro. Databases can be difficult to configure properly. Before you sign up with a web host, first inquire if the host can support your database needs.

Hypertext transfer Protocol (HTTP)

The protocol for transferring hypertext files across the Internet. Requires a HTTP client program on one end, and an HTTP server program on the other end.

HTTP is the most important protocol used in the World Wide Web (WWW). You see it every time you type a web site in your browser http://…

PHP

PHP is another scripting language. Like ASP, it’s commands are embedded within the HTML of a web page. The commands are executed on the web server, making it browser independent. The web browser only sees the resulting HTML output of the PHP code.

ODBC

Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) is a generic way for applications to speak to a database. A standard software interface for accessing database management systems (DBMS).The designers of ODBC aimed to make it independent of programming languages, database systems, and operating systems.

ODBC acts as an interpreter between an application (say a Cold Fusion or ASP application) and a database (like Microsoft Access). By using ODBC, a connector can be created that will allow a web application that you create to read data from and insert data into.

ODBC accomplishes this by using a driver as a translation layer between the application and the DBMS.

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